Picture of Dacnis head and beak
A genus established by Cuvier, being now part
of the Thraupidae family of tanagers and their relatives. Ninespecies
are recognized, and the skins of two or three of them, remarkable for their
beautiful blue or bluish-green coloration, are among the commonest of those
in South America. The Blue Dacnis has a particularly striking conspicuous
blue and black colouring
An old and widely-spread name of the Land-RAIL, referring, it is thought,
to the unsteady flight of the bird, for to "dacker" (Frisian,
Dutch, daeckeren), signifying to stagger, totter or hesitate, is
a well-known word in Lincolnshire and perhaps in other districts (cf.
pp. 228, 229).
A local name applied to some species of TERN.
The Dutch name for an EAGLE in South Africa, adopted by English residents
- the "Dassie" being the Rock Hyrax, also known as the Cape Hyrax or Rock
Rabbit (Procavia capensis).
or Oriental Magpie Robin
A group of Birds discriminated by Dumeril in 1806 (Zool. Analyt. p.
41), composed of the genera (as then regarded) Buceros
and Phytotoma (PLANT-CUTTER), as having their bills scored with
at least three notches (dentelures). However, the term Dentirostres
was used in 1817 in a wholly different sense by Cuvier (Regn. Animal,
336), so as to contain:
Subsequently the term was adopted for a while with
more or less some modification by a great number of systematists of the
The hook of the BILL.
The name proposed by Forbes (Proc. Zool. Soc. 1880, page 390) for
a group of PASSERES, consisting of the
Professor Huxley's third Suborder of Carinatae,
composed of seven groups - Chenomorphae,
PELARGOMORPHAE, DYSPOROMORPHAE: Aetomorphae,
PSITTACOMORPHAE, and Coccygomorphae
- in all of which the vomer is often abortive or so small as to disappear;
but, when existing, it is slender, and tapers anteriorly to a point, while
the maxillo-palatals are united (whence the name of the Suborder) across
the middle line, either directly or by the ossification of the nasal septum,
and the posterior ends of the palatals and anterior of the pterygoids articulate
directly with the rostrum. Moreover, the lower larynx in these birds is
never formed on the plan of the PASSERES. It may be observed that nothing
approaching to this association of the groups above named had ever before
been proposed by any taxonomer (Proc. Zool. Soc. 1867, pages 435-448,
A name applied by the English in Ceylon to a the Brown Wood Owl (Strix
leptogrammica, previously known as Syrnium indrani). The name
Devil-Bird was also applied to a particular GOATSUCKER in the 19th Century
which was known as Kellart's Nightjar, Caprimulgus kelaarti (Legge,
B. Ceyl. pages 155, 337) although I have been unable to trace the
modern name of this Nightjar.
A common local name for the SWIFT.